Types of Cyber Security Threats

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Many hackers try to access your information in many ways.

As hackers are developing day by day it is necessary to secure your information.

Types of Cybersecurity Threats

There are 8 types of Cybersecurity Threats.

  1. Malware
  2. Phishing
  3. Password Attacks
  4. DDOS
  5. Man in the Middle
  6. Drive by Download
  7. Maladvertising
  8. Rogue Software
types of cybersecurity Threats

1)Malware

Definition: Malware is a combination of malicious and software which is a code or file that infects, steals, destroy your system functioning.

Malware enters in computer and steals information and make your system slow and send information back to the hacker.


Examples
  • Computer Viruses
  • Worm
  • Trojan
  • Bots & Botnets
  • Ransomware
  • Adware & Scams
malware in cybersecurity

1)Phishing

Definition: Phishing is a type of social engineering in which hackers try to get personal information with the help of duplicate webpages like email,facebook and whatsapp.

Explaination

In Phishing hacker create a webpage like an email or Facebook and send its link to the victim when the victim enters its information in email than its all accounts get hacked.

How to prevent phishing attack?

To secure your system from phishing attacks try to avoid unknown and unauthenticated links on Facebook and other social media apps.


3)Passwords Attack

Definition: In Passwords Attackhackers try to steal personal information by trying different possible passwords.


Hacker try to access your password by two methods:

  1. Dictionary attack
  2. Hacker tries many dictionary words you relevant information your birthday your phone number, your son's name, etc.

  3. Brute Force Attack
  4. Brute force attack is the most successful and most time-taking password cracking attack which hackers mostly use to get credentials. In this attack, the hacker tries every possible combination of characters, numbers, and letters to get the password.

How to stop passwords attack?

Following are some steps to secure your system from passwords attack

  • Always use a complex password which contain uppercase letters,lowecase letters,numbers and characters.
  • Dont use dictionary words as a password because it is very easy to crack these words.
  • Enable two step authentication.
  • Lock accounts after too many password failures.
malware in cybersecurity










malware in cybersecurity

4)DDOS Attack

Definition: In cybersecurity, a denial-of-service attack is which a hacker tries to make the server unavailable by sending a large volume of data to the server.

For example, sometimes the server of the website crashed due to the large volume of traffic. In DDOS hacker sends heavy traffic to the server and make the server unavailable.


How to stop DDOS attacks?

Following are some steps to secure your system from DDOS attack

  • Try to identify the attack as soon as possible. Try to track hacker location and IP address.
  • Contact your hosting manager and hosting provider and tell him the issue.
  • Use unlimited bandwidth to stop DDOS attacks.
  • Call A DDoS Mitigation Specialist.



malware in cybersecurity

5)Man in a Middle

Definition: Man in the middle is a type of cyber threat in which a hacker is present between client and server and steals the information.

For example, you want to buy a T-shirt from an online store you enter your bank details and the hacker that is present in the middle gets your credentials.


How to stop Man in the Middle attacks?

Following are some steps to secure your system from Man in the middle

  • First step is to encrypt you router so that anyone cannot access your router.Use strong password to encrypt your router.
  • Use two step authentication.
  • Use VPN to secure your data from the man in the midddle.

malware in cybersecurity

6)Drive by download

Definition: A drive-by download is a type of cybersecurity threat in which a malicious virus enters your computer when you visit any website.

It does not need any click to download .when you visit the site it automatically starts downloading and enter into your system.


How to stop Drive by download attack?

Following are some steps to secure your system from Drive by download

  • Update your software quickly and constantly
  • Use a firewall.
  • Visit only trusted websites.
  • Use web-filtering software.
  • Install an ad blocker.
  • Remove unnecessary software and plug-ins.

malware in cybersecurity

7)Maladverstisement

Definition: Maladvertisement is a type of cybersecurity threat in which you see malicious ads on the website and when you click on it, malware enters into your system.

Hackers create fake ads and add them to the website to hack your system.


How to stop Maladvertisment?

Following are some steps to secure your system from maladvertisment

  • Use a firewall.
  • Dont click on ads
  • Visit only trusted websites.
  • Install an ad blocker.

malware in cybersecurity

8)Rogue Softwares

Definition: Rogue Software is a type of cybersecurity threat in which you get malware in form of software.

When you download rogue software you get a virus in form of software


How to stop Maladvertisment?

Following are some steps to secure your system from Rogue software

  • Dont turn off the window defender.
  • Dont download software from unsecured websites.
  • Visit only trusted websites.

rogue software in cybersecurity


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